(Eight degree path; the author of the book in which this ancient knowledge is collected is the sage Patanjali):
- Yama – rules to be respected: nonviolence (ahimsa), truthfulness (satya), non-stealing (asteya), commitment to knowledge (brahmacharya), absence of greed (aparigraha)
- Niyama – rules that help the practice: saucha (cleanliness), santosha (contentment), tapas (discipline), svadhyaya (study of the self and of the texts), Isvara Pranidhana (contemplation of a higher power)
- Asana (steady and comfortable meditative position)
- Pranayama (control of the energy through deep and conscious breathing)
- Pratyahara (control of the senses and the mind, which is connected with the senses)
- Dharana – Concentration (ability to focus and keep the attention to one content continuously for a long time)
- Dhyana – Meditation (ability to penetrate into the essence of things)
- Samadhi (realization of Truth)
Techniques of Hatha Yoga:
SHATKARMA – PURIFICATION TECHNIQUES
There are six processes / purification techniques for physical and mental hygiene, to keep your body healthy and your mind clear. Some of these techniques are simple and you can do it yourself, but others are complex and should be practiced under the guidance of an expert teacher.
Cleaning of the tongue is a technique that can be practiced daily, morning and/or evening. With a teaspoon (or a special tongue cleaner) scrape the surface of the tongue several times, from the root to the top, removing the white debris. Do not press hard. After each movement, wash the spoon. Then, with two wet fingers massage the tongue. Clean the tongue after brushing the teeth. This is how you will get rid of the unpleasant breath and take care of your oral hygiene.
Jala Neti – cleaning the nose with water – an effective technique that helps us get rid of the frequent colds, sinus problems and allergies. A special pot is used for this purification technique. For more information, contact the Yoga Centre.
ASANAS – BODY POSTURES
|According to the yogic mythology, there are as many asanas as there are living beings in this world. About 35 are commonly practiced today.
The body becomes slim, strong and elastic. The increase the vitality and you look and feel nice.
They release the pain in the neck, the back, the waist and the ankles.
Also help with sciatica, discopathy and disc hernia. Regular exercising will help you get rid of the symptoms and is excellent for prevention, but also for rehabilitation after these diseases.
With children, the asanas help the correct development and also help in case of scoliosis.
According to the classical yoga texts, the asanas are a practice for the body but also for the mind. The physical performance is followed by concentration and awareness, which channels the mental powers, calms the mind and activates the inner energy.
A feelings of inner peace, ease and enthusiasm for working is the state in which you are after practicing the asanas.
PRANAYAMA – BREATHING TECHNIQUES
Learn them under the guidance of an experienced teacher
You can not remove the stressful situations in your life (in fact, life will become monotonous and uninspiring), but you can learn how to successfully cope with such situations, without endlessly wasting yourselves and by making positive conclusions.
There are relaxation techniques which are shorter (5-10 minutes) and long (30 minutes and longer). By regularly practicing them, you will be able to calm down for a short time and rationally use its power in critical life situations.
- Learn to get rid of the tension that has gathered during the day. This is how it won’t accumulate and bring you to a state of exhaustion, lethargy, drowsiness, muscle tension, insomnia, heart and gastrointestinal diseases, and so on.
- Get rid of the pain – headache, pain in the neck, the shoulders and the back – they are the result of accumulated tension that captures and consumes our energy.
- Regain your natural calmness and deep breathing that will bring you energy and inner peace. Shallow and irregular breathing and the feeling that you lack air is the result of accumulated tension.
- Improve your sleep, allow yourselves to relax and sleep peacefully.
- Unleash your inner capabilities – for work, sport and art. When you are calm, you bring wiser decisions and become more creative.
- Improve your personal relationships – you interact with other people more easily when you are calm, because then you have more confidence.
CONCENTRATION AND MEDITATION
Meditation is a discovery of the ancient Eastern sages, a subtle process of introspection that leads you beyond the limitations of the “everyday” mind to new knowledge.
Meditation connects you to your inner vitality and universal wisdom and love.
The techniques of concentration and meditation lead your mind from fear and disorganization to a state of inner peace and self-confidence.
Meditation begins when a satisfactory degree of concentration is achieved and the practitioner becomes aware that the mind can continuously monitor a process for a long time, such as, natural breathing, repeating the mantra, or contemplation on a topic. At the beginning it is difficult and the senses and thoughts constantly interrupt the concentration. However, the practitioner gently and constantly refocuses the mind to the object of concentration. Meditation is a state of consciousness, a state when you are aware of the process.
Meditation is not just a technique, but a way of life.
By practicing the concentration and meditation techniques, we achieve the state of a calm and concentrated mind, deep and steady breathing and tranquility. Hence begins the inner healing and the emotional and mental wellbeing.
You become aware of your qualities (and develop them), but also for your weaknesses, which you can overcome.
And, you open the door to love and knowledge.